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Why Nepal?

Nepal is placed in the region of the Himalayas and is part of the Indian subcontinent. It limits, Indian region of Tibetan culture and to the south and the west with India, to the north with the Tibet (China) in the east with the Sikkim. With an area of 141.181 Km2, it has a population of near 29 million inhabitants, with a density of 147,7 h/Km2.

The country spreads on the south aspect of the mountain range of the central Himalayas, forming a series of directed parallel valleys of east in west. The pluvial plain of the Terai is part of the depression of the river Ganges and makes border with India. In the north, the big pikes of the Himalayas that overcome, the highest peak of the world, the 8.000 m of height, among which there is the Everest form a natural border with the Tibet.

The senior part of the population of the country concentrates the region of the Terai and to the valley of Kathmandu. The lack of communication routes hampers the access in good part of the country, especially in the big valleys of the center and north. The agriculture, with crops of cereals, is based on by the economy of Nepal like rice, wheat and millet, as well as fruits and vegetables produced mainly in the big agricultural region of the Terai.

A fate of natural appeals

Nepal is a known country in a basic way to have the highest mountains of the world, the Himàlaies, with the most emblematic peaks of the planet that every year many visitors and expeditions who try hard to attain them attract.

For many persons Nepal is only a paradise to enjoy attractive numerous natural, but behind this Nepal, touristic and adventurous, a country very little developed with a rate of poverty that it affects 80% of the population.

Conscious of this imbalance among the external image of the country and its daily reality, was created Amics del Nepal Association promoted by a group of persons of different origin, all them motivated to participate in the improvement of the living conditions of the population of Nepal, especially the one of the more disfavored children, to whom their main efforts and resources.

Low level of human development

In accordance with the World-Wide Report of Human Development of United Nations of 2006 Nepal is sustained like one of the countries less developed from the world, occupying the place 138 of a total 177 countries, the one that places it|him in last position among the Asian countries.

Even though in the last 50 years the country has increased its standards of life in a remarkable way, especially from the decade of the 90, the level of human development has continued keeping like one of the lowest of the world, even though the results of this development it has been different and inequitable, manifesting itself different according to gender, caste, ethnic group and geographical disparities of the whole of the population.

The opportunities of work have become every time more scarce. The needs of the population have not been satisfied and the policies|politics have not been favorable for the poorest, leaving vast segments of population on the fringe of the main currents of development. The appearance of the made violence has increased all these problems, pushing crises to the country towards one deep.

In 2008 with the triumph of the Maoist party, together with the dismissal of the king and the proclamation of the Republic, key factors are being the celebration of general elections to decide the future of the country with another direction.

Nepal - Report of Human Development of United Nations
(2007/08)

Population (2007): 29 million
Position in the world-wide ranking: 142 (of a
total of 177 countries)
Life Expectancy: 62,6 years
Index of literacy (seniors of 15 years): 51,4%
Rent per capita (2005): 1.550 USD
Annual sanitary Expense for inhabitant (2004): 71 USD
Population with access to the potable water: 90%
Population with malnutrition: 17%
Children under the weight (% - 5 years): 48%
Fixed Telephones (for 1.000 inhabitants): 17
Mobile Telephones (for 1.000 inhabitants): 9
Users of Internet (for 1.000 inhabitants): 4
Expense for research (% of the PIB): 0,7

+ Information

UNDP Nepal

UNDP Annual Report 2010


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